Dried Fruits: Phytochemicals and Health Effects

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Jump to Main Content. Selections 0 Show Selections Clear Selections. The aim of this study was to describe the influence of two different drying systems air-thermal and freeze drying on fresh and dried goji fruit nutraceutical traits and report on the level of potentially bioactive compounds and their effects on total fruit phytocomplex and antioxidant activity. New to MyHealth? Manage Your Care From Anywhere.

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Allicin blocks or eliminates certain toxins from bacteria and viruses. Anthocyanins are found in red and blue fruits such as raspberries and blueberries and vegetables. They help to slow the aging process, protect against heart disease and tumors, prevent blood clots, and fight inflammation and allergies.

Biflavonoids are found in citrus fruits. Carotenoids are found in dark yellow, orange, and deep green fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, parsley, oranges, pink grapefruit, and spinach. Flavonoids are found in fruits, vegetables, wine, green tea, onions, apples, kale, and beans.


Indoles are found in broccoli, bok choy, cabbage, kale, Brussel sprouts, and turnips also known as "cruciferous" vegetables. They contain sulfur and activate agents that destroy cancer-causing chemicals. Isoflavones are found in soybeans and soybean products. Lignins are found in flaxseed and whole grain products. Another study in the United States, using humans, also found drinking goji berry juice could improve energy, mood, and digestive health.

In this study, healthy adult participants consumed milliliters of goji berry juice daily or a placebo drink for 14 days.

They completed questionnaires to record their feelings of wellbeing, neurological and psychological health, musculoskeletal symptoms, and digestive and cardiovascular complaints, as well as any adverse effects of the juice each day. The researchers took measurements to record each participant's blood pressure , body mass, weight, pulse , and vision before and after the 14 days of study.

The group given the goji berry juice reported improved energy, ability to focus, enhanced athletic performance, mental acuity, and feelings of calmness and contentment by day The study also showed improved quality of sleep in those who consumed the goji berry juice, and none experienced negative effects related to drinking the juice. Research on animal models indicates goji berries can help with managing liver health and preventing the progression of alcohol-induced fatty liver disease.

Research on human liver cancer cells has also found the goji berry can inhibit tumor growth. Goji berries are often called a superfood because they contain chemical compounds called phytochemicals that are produced by plants. Phytochemicals in goji berries include polysaccharides, beta-carotene, and zeaxanthin. Polysaccharides are a primary characteristic of the goji berry. These are an essential source of dietary fiber. A study using aging mice found that polysaccharides in goji berries helped with improving immune function and increasing total antioxidant activity in the body.

Beta-carotene is responsible for the orange-red color pigment in goji berries. Beta-carotene is vital for eye health, bone health, skin health, and cell development. The amount of beta-carotene in goji berries is among the highest of all edible plants. Zeaxanthin plays a crucial role in supporting the immune system. Many researchers believe that zeaxanthin can prevent macular degeneration , a progressive vision impairment that occurs when the central part of the retina, or macula, deteriorates.


Dried Fruits Phytochemicals Health Effects by Shahidi Fereidoon - AbeBooks

People can buy goji berries in most health food stores and Asian or European markets. They can easily add fresh and dry goji berries to:. It is also easy for people to carry some with them when they go out and eat them by the handful as a snack. Goji berries are available fresh or dried and in trail mixes, superfood mixes, or as a juice.

Goji berries are available in supplement form in health food stores and online. Goji berries are often expensive. However, the health benefits may be worth the cost. Prices will also depend on whether the product is organic, natural, or processed.

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People taking these medications should talk to their doctor before adding goji berries to their diet. Anyone with an allergy to other berries should discuss this with a doctor before consuming fresh or dry goji berries or taking any supplement containing goji berry extracts. Fresh and dry goji berries do not usually cause any side effects or adverse reactions in healthy people. Goji berry supplements have been shown to be safe for most people when consumed for up to 3 months, with only rare side effects, such as allergic reactions and sensitivity to sunlight.

It is safe for most people to eat goji berries in moderation. People considering using goji berry supplements should check with their doctor first. Article last reviewed by Tue 7 August All references are available in the References tab. Amagase, H. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical study of the general effects of a standardized Lycium barbarum goji juice, GoChi [Abstract].

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Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine , 14 4 , — Bucheli, P. Chapter Biomolecular and clinical aspects of Chinese wolfberry. Shen, L. Goji berry effects on macular characteristics and plasma antioxidant levels.

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Optometry and Vision Science , 88 2 , — Bunghez, I. Obtaining of carotenoid extract from Lycuim Chinense and characterization using spectrometrical analysis. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures , 7 2 , — Cai, H.

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Practical application of antidiabetic efficacy of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide in patients with type 2 diabetes. Medicinal Chemistry , 11 4 , — Chaey, C. All about dried goji berries, the superfood raisin. Cheng, J. An evidence-based update on the pharmacological activities and possible molecular targets of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides [Abstract].